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Top 10 changes in America since Sept. 11, 2001

1. The global war on terror to capture and kill transnational terrorists and support U.S. allies with counterterrorism assistance

2. Invasion and occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq, with approximately 6,000 U.S. casualties and more than $1 trillion spent

3. A new federal government agency—the Department of Homeland Security—with an annual budget of more than $40 billion

4. The Patriot Act, which restricts some American civil liberties, and a greater government focus on intelligence

5. Creation of the Transportation Security Administration for tightened airport security

6. The largest public entitlement program—the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund—ever implemented

7. The CIA begins open recruiting on college campuses for its clandestine service

8. More college courses on terrorism, Middle East politics and religion, and non-Western foreign languages

9. A new holiday, “Patriot Day,” celebrated on Sept. 11

10. More news coverage of terrorism, foreign policy, wars and armed conflict

Compiled by Karen Feste, Josef Korbel School of International Studies professor, director of DU’s International Security Program and graduate director of DU’s Conflict Resolution Institute

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